History of Lottery and Gambling
Lotteries, or “lots”, have a long history in human civilization. They have been used to fund fortifications, roads, libraries, colleges and canals. While some governments outlaw lotteries, most states still require approval from the legislature before they can operate.
Early in the history of the United States, lots were used to raise money for public works projects. During the colonial era, several colonies held lotteries to finance fortifications, bridges, libraries, and local militias. The Continental Congress also used lotteries to raise funds for the Colonial Army.
Before the mid-1970s, state lotteries were more like traditional raffles. New Jersey introduced a lottery in 1970, followed by 10 other states.
As a result of the introduction of the lottery, many state governments found themselves dependent on lottery revenues. Some critics argued that the proceeds were not targeted at a specific public good. However, the revenues were seen as an effective alternative to tax increases. Other opponents of lottery play argue that the proceeds were regressive, in that they disproportionately affected lower income groups.
Arguments for and against lotteries have followed a common pattern across virtually every state. Those favoring the use of lotteries cite its effectiveness in times of economic stress, its positive impact on education, and its ability to help reduce the state’s reliance on federal assistance. Against lotteries, the argument focuses on problems of compulsive gamblers and other public policy issues.
Despite the arguments against lotteries, it remains popular. About 60% of adults report playing the lottery at least once a year.